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Original Article Open Access
JVS. 2017; 2(1): 56-61


Detection of equine herpesvirus type1and type 4 associated with abortion and respiratory manifestation in horses during 2016 in Cairo, Egypt

Shimaa Mousleh Ghoniem, Ayman Hany El-Deeb, Mohamed Galal Aggour, Hussein Aly Hussein.

Abstract
Background: Equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) and Equine herpesvirus 4 (EHV-4) are endemic in equine population worldwide. EHV-1 is a major cause of abortion in pregnant mares, also it can cause neurological disorders in horses and respiratory disease in young horses. EHV- 4 is an important equine virus which cause respiratory disease and occasionally abortion.
Methods: In the present study, 75 serum samples collected from aborted mares, growing foals and, adult horses suffered from respiratory manifestation were tested using indirect ELISA technique. A total of 33 nasal swabs and 4 vaginal swabs were tested using real time PCR.
Results: Out of 75 tested serum samples, 56 samples were positive for the presence of antibodies against EHVs. EHV-1 DNA was detected in two vaginal swabs, one nasal swab of adult horse and four nasal swabs of growing foals. EHV-4 DNA was detected in one vaginal swab and one nasal swab from growing foal.
Conclusion: The study reports the infection with two types of EHV and their continuous circulation among Egyptian horses during 2016.

Key words: Key words: Equine herpesviruses, Epidemiology, ELISA, Real time PCR


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ghoniem SM, El-Deeb AH, Aggour MG, Hussein HA. Detection of equine herpesvirus type1and type 4 associated with abortion and respiratory manifestation in horses during 2016 in Cairo, Egypt. JVS. 2017; 2(1): 56-61.


Web Style

Ghoniem SM, El-Deeb AH, Aggour MG, Hussein HA. Detection of equine herpesvirus type1and type 4 associated with abortion and respiratory manifestation in horses during 2016 in Cairo, Egypt. http://www.j-virol-sci.com/?mno=264409 [Access: December 18, 2017].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ghoniem SM, El-Deeb AH, Aggour MG, Hussein HA. Detection of equine herpesvirus type1and type 4 associated with abortion and respiratory manifestation in horses during 2016 in Cairo, Egypt. JVS. 2017; 2(1): 56-61.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ghoniem SM, El-Deeb AH, Aggour MG, Hussein HA. Detection of equine herpesvirus type1and type 4 associated with abortion and respiratory manifestation in horses during 2016 in Cairo, Egypt. JVS. (2017), [cited December 18, 2017]; 2(1): 56-61.



Harvard Style

Ghoniem, S. M., El-Deeb, A. H., Aggour, M. G. & Hussein, H. A. (2017) Detection of equine herpesvirus type1and type 4 associated with abortion and respiratory manifestation in horses during 2016 in Cairo, Egypt. JVS, 2 (1), 56-61.



Turabian Style

Ghoniem, Shimaa Mousleh, Ayman Hany El-Deeb, Mohamed Galal Aggour, and Hussein Aly Hussein. 2017. Detection of equine herpesvirus type1and type 4 associated with abortion and respiratory manifestation in horses during 2016 in Cairo, Egypt. Journal of Virological Sciences, 2 (1), 56-61.



Chicago Style

Ghoniem, Shimaa Mousleh, Ayman Hany El-Deeb, Mohamed Galal Aggour, and Hussein Aly Hussein. "Detection of equine herpesvirus type1and type 4 associated with abortion and respiratory manifestation in horses during 2016 in Cairo, Egypt." Journal of Virological Sciences 2 (2017), 56-61.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ghoniem, Shimaa Mousleh, Ayman Hany El-Deeb, Mohamed Galal Aggour, and Hussein Aly Hussein. "Detection of equine herpesvirus type1and type 4 associated with abortion and respiratory manifestation in horses during 2016 in Cairo, Egypt." Journal of Virological Sciences 2.1 (2017), 56-61. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ghoniem, S. M., El-Deeb, A. H., Aggour, M. G. & Hussein, H. A. (2017) Detection of equine herpesvirus type1and type 4 associated with abortion and respiratory manifestation in horses during 2016 in Cairo, Egypt. Journal of Virological Sciences, 2 (1), 56-61.



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