ISSN 2636-2937
 

Original Research (Original Article) 
JVS. 2019; 5(1): 46-54
doi: 15837


Evaluation of Turkey Humoral Immune Response to Avian Influenza and Turkey Rhinotracheitis Viruses Vaccines

Rana A. Rabiea; Fawzy M.; Khodeir M. H. and EL Tarabili M. M..

Abstract
Background: Turkeys are susceptible to many virus diseases such as turkey rhinotracheitis (TRT) and avian influenza (AI) that affect their populations in a dramatic form. The successful control of those viral diseases depends on well-designed vaccination programs using high potent safe vaccines.
Aim: The present study investigated the effect of inactivated AI vaccine and live attenuated TRT vaccine on the immune response of turkey chickens when administrated in a mutual manner.
Methods: Four groups of bronzy turkey chickens were used in this study; group-1 received TRT vaccine, group-2 received AI vaccine, group-3 received TRT and AI vaccines and group-4 served as control. The humoral immune response evaluated serologically by using haemagglutination inhibition test (HIT), serum neutralization test (SNT) and Indirect Enzyme-Linked Immune Sorbent Assay (ELISA).
Results: Monitoring of TRT virus antibody titers by SNT, it was found detectable TRT antibody titers by the first week post vaccination as 4 in group-1 and 2 in group-3. Both groups showed peak SNT titer (256) of TRT virus by the third-week post administration of the second dose and remain stable up to 24 weeks post vaccination. Following up avian influenza antibody titers using HI test, it was found detectable antibodies against AIV reached their peak titer (64) by the second week after receiving the second dose in group-2 and group-3 then began to decrease in both groups by third-week post the second dose to reach the zero level at week twenty-four. The results of SNT and HIT confirmed using ELISA.
Conclusion: There is no antagonizing effect between the two vaccines on the immune response of turkey chickens against each other where all vaccinated birds exhibited good levels of specific TRT and AI antibodies. Therefore, it is possible to vaccinate turkeys simultaneously against TRT and AI safely and potently.

Key words: Turkey, Avian Influenza, turkey rhinotracheitis, vaccine.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Rabiea RA, M. F, . Evaluation of Turkey Humoral Immune Response to Avian Influenza and Turkey Rhinotracheitis Viruses Vaccines. JVS. 2019; 5(1): 46-54. doi:15837


Web Style

Rabiea RA, M. F, . Evaluation of Turkey Humoral Immune Response to Avian Influenza and Turkey Rhinotracheitis Viruses Vaccines. http://www.j-virol-sci.com/?mno=15837 [Access: December 10, 2019]. doi:15837


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rabiea RA, M. F, . Evaluation of Turkey Humoral Immune Response to Avian Influenza and Turkey Rhinotracheitis Viruses Vaccines. JVS. 2019; 5(1): 46-54. doi:15837



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rabiea RA, M. F, . Evaluation of Turkey Humoral Immune Response to Avian Influenza and Turkey Rhinotracheitis Viruses Vaccines. JVS. (2019), [cited December 10, 2019]; 5(1): 46-54. doi:15837



Harvard Style

Rabiea, R. A., M., . F. & (2019) Evaluation of Turkey Humoral Immune Response to Avian Influenza and Turkey Rhinotracheitis Viruses Vaccines. JVS, 5 (1), 46-54. doi:15837



Turabian Style

Rabiea, Rana A., Fawzy M., and Khodeir M. H. and EL_Tarabili M. M.. 2019. Evaluation of Turkey Humoral Immune Response to Avian Influenza and Turkey Rhinotracheitis Viruses Vaccines. Journal of Virological Sciences, 5 (1), 46-54. doi:15837



Chicago Style

Rabiea, Rana A., Fawzy M., and Khodeir M. H. and EL_Tarabili M. M.. "Evaluation of Turkey Humoral Immune Response to Avian Influenza and Turkey Rhinotracheitis Viruses Vaccines." Journal of Virological Sciences 5 (2019), 46-54. doi:15837



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rabiea, Rana A., Fawzy M., and Khodeir M. H. and EL_Tarabili M. M.. "Evaluation of Turkey Humoral Immune Response to Avian Influenza and Turkey Rhinotracheitis Viruses Vaccines." Journal of Virological Sciences 5.1 (2019), 46-54. Print. doi:15837



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rabiea, R. A., M., . F. & (2019) Evaluation of Turkey Humoral Immune Response to Avian Influenza and Turkey Rhinotracheitis Viruses Vaccines. Journal of Virological Sciences, 5 (1), 46-54. doi:15837





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